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Adam, Eve, and the Serpent: Sex and Politics in Early Christianity

By Elaine Pagels

Deepens and refreshes our view of early Christianity whereas casting a hectic mild at the evolution of the attitudes handed all the way down to us.

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See specifically such texts because the Hypostasis of the Archons, Thunder: excellent brain, and the secondary resources right here stated for either. Cf. E. Pagels, The Gnostic Gospels, chap. three, and the articles mentioned in notes 22, 27, and forty three. For newer experiences, see J. Jacobson-Buckley, girl Fault and success in Gnosticism (Chapel Hill/London, 1986), and the quantity drawing close from the 1985 convention in Claremont, Calif. , on “Images of the female in Gnosticism,” ed. ok. King (Philadelphia, 1988). forty six. Gospel of Philip 70, 10.

108. Ibid. , 6, 6. 109. For a close and worthwhile research, see Florent van Ommeslaeghe, “Jean Chrysostome et le peuple de Constantinople,” AnBoll ninety nine (1981), 329–349: “Il est yes qu’une des raisons de l’attachement du peuple de Constantinople à son chef spirituel fut sa bonté, son amour des pauvres, de nos jours on dirait: son sens social” (348). additionally see J. H. W. G. Liebeschutz, “Friends and Enemies of John Chrysostom,” in Ann Moffatt, ed. , Maistor: Classical, Byzantine and Renaissance reports for Robert Browning (Byzantina Australiensia five, 1984), 85–111.

This passage has engendered a lot dialogue: see, for instance, the commentaries on 1 Corinthians by way of H. Conzelmann, Der erste short an die Korinther (Göttingen, 1969); R. Scroggs, “Paul and the Eschatological Woman,” in magazine of the yank Academy of faith forty (1972), 283–303, and the answer by means of E. Pagels, “Paul and ladies: A reaction to fresh Discussion,” in magazine of the yankee Academy of faith forty two (1974), 538–549. 26. G. B. Shaw, “The huge Imposition upon Jesus,” reprinted in W. Meeks, ed.

Emphasis additional. 38. Ibid, eight, five. 39. Ibid. , eight, 10. forty. Ibid. Emphasis further. forty-one. F. Edward Cranz, “The improvement of Augustine’s principles on Society sooner than the Donatist Controversy,” Harvard Theological evaluate forty seven (1954), 254–316. forty two. Augustine, De Civitate Dei 14, 15. the interpretation brought up in general follows that of Philip Levine in St. Augustine, the town of God opposed to the Pagans (LCL, 1966). forty three. Ibid. , thirteen, 21: Lignum scientiae boni et mali proprium voluntatis arbitrium. in accordance with the research of M. Harl (“Adam et les deux Arbres du Paradis [Gen.

Sixty eight. Ibid. , 14, 17. sixty nine. Augustine, Confessiones eight, five. 70. Augustine, De Civitate Dei 14, 20. Origen, too, linked sex with impurity, even if, as Henri Crouzel issues out, “the impurity inherent within the workout of sexuality isn't any greater than an intensification of an excellent extra profound uncleanness, that of the physically situation” (“Marriage and Virginity: Has Christianity Devalued Marriage? ” in idem, Mariage et divorce, célibat et caractère sacerdotaux dans l’église ancienne: Études diverses [Torino, 1982], 57).

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