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Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (The Anchor Yale Bible Reference Library)

By Candida R. Moss

The value of martyrdom for the unfold of Christianity within the first centuries of the typical period is a question of tolerating curiosity. during this cutting edge new examine, Candida Moss deals a considerably new historical past of martyrdom within the first and moment centuries that demanding situations conventional understandings of the unfold of Christianity and rethinks the character of Christian martyrdom itself. Martyrdom, Moss exhibits, used to be now not a unmarried concept, theology, or perform: there have been different views and understandings of what it intended to die for Christ.

Beginning with an outline of historical Greek, Roman, and Jewish principles approximately demise, Moss demonstrates that there have been many cultural contexts in which early Christian perspectives of martyrdom have been greatly at domestic. She then exhibits how specific and diverging theologies of martyrdom emerged in numerous historic congregations. within the approach she reexamines the authenticity of early Christian tales approximately martyrs and calls into query the dominant scholarly narrative in regards to the unfold of martyrdom within the historical world.

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58D; Mart. Pol. 2. 1; 2. 2; 2. three; three. 1; three. 2); their refusal to escape to flee prosecution (Phaed. 98E–99A; Mart. Pol. 7. 1); that they have been either charged with atheism (Euthyphro 3B; Mart. Pol. three. 2; 12. 2) and refused to cajole others of the veracity in their claims (Apology 35D; Mart. Pol. 10. 2); their prayers earlier than demise (Phaed. 117C; Mart. Pol. 14. 1–3); using sacrificial terminology to explain their deaths (Phaed. 118A; Mart. Pol. 14. 1); and the exemplary functionality in their deaths (Phaed. 115C; Mart. Pol. 1. 2; 19.

38. The obscurity of Philomelium within the moment century kinds a part of the foundation for Ronchey’s later courting within the 3rd century. See Ronchey, Indagine. there's an earlythird-century inscription that may be assigned to the church in Philomelium. See Ramsay, “Cities,” and dialogue in Mitchell, Anatolia, 2:41. Mitchell cites Mart. Pol. as his basically different resource for the Christian neighborhood at Philomelium (Anatolia, 2:37). 39. Barnes turns out to understate the extreme personality of the occasions whilst he states that this “may be major” (Hagiography, 61).

28 within the historical past of scholarship, the Martyrdom of Polycarp has typically been taken care of as an genuine narrative of the demise of an early Christian martyr. even though subjected to a lot exam and lots of exams through the upward thrust of the Bollandists and their purge of spurious acta, the account has stood resolutely opposed to historicist scrutiny. Given the pivotal function that the Martyrdom of Polycarp performs in histories of martyrdom because the “first instance” of Christian martyrdom literature, it's worthy residing at the conditions of its composition—its integrity, authenticity, and courting.

Yet “what do old ideologies of martyrdom let us know approximately historic Christianity extra widely? ” a few students have checked out the level to which martyr acts and discussions of martyrdom within the early church serve to create an awesome Christian self and distinguish Christians from others. fifty eight Describing martyrdom is set the construction of identification different types and the production of which means. but martyrdom isn't just approximately crafting barriers and forging resistance with regards to different teams and exterior forces.

P. cm. —(The Anchor Yale Bible reference library) contains bibliographical references (p. ) and index. ISBN 978-0-300-15465-8 (alk. paper) 1. Martyrdom—Christianity—History. 2. Persecution—History—Early church, ca. 30–600. three. Church history—Primitive and early church, ca. 30-600. I. identify. BR1604. 23. M67 2012 272'. 1—dc23 2011044938 a listing list for this booklet is offered from the British Library. This paper meets the necessities of ANSI/NISO NISO Z39. 48-1992 (Permanence of Paper). 10 nine eight 7 6 five four three 2 1 For Adela This web page deliberately left clean Contents Acknowledgments ix checklist of Abbreviations advent xiii 1 1 Cultural Contexts: the nice loss of life and the Self-Conscious patient 23 2 Asia Minor: Imitating Christ forty nine three Rome: Contesting Philosophy seventy seven four Gaul: The Victors of Vienne and Lyons a hundred five Roman North Africa: Apocalyptic Ascent 122 6 Alexandria: Clement and the genuine Martyr a hundred forty five end Notes 163 169 Bibliography basic Index 205 231 Index of contemporary Authors Index of old assets 241 248 This web page deliberately left clean Acknowledgments I owe many debts—both nice and small—to associations, pals, kinfolk, and associates who supported this venture.

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