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Galilee: From Alexander the Great to Hadrian 323 BCE to 135 CE : A Study of Second Temple Judaism

By Sean Freyne

Contents :

The geography of Galilee and its human settlement
Galilee, the increase of Hellenism and the Jewish response
Galilee below the Romans, sixty three B.C.E. - one hundred thirty five C.E.
The towns and the Hellenistic ethos of Galilee
Economic realities and social stratification
How progressive used to be Galilee?
The Galileans and the temple
Galilee and the halakhah
Christianity in Galilee.

"This publication could be on the middle of next discussions approximately Galilee and may end up to be a worthy source for the examine of Judaism and Christianity of this era The writing is apparent and the arguments well-presented ..."
---David Rhoads, magazine of Biblical Literature

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H. Her. P. , 36, thinks that Pompey's measures have been simply transitority, due to the fact that he was hoping to finally subjugate the Jews completely. despite the fact that, Bammel, 'Die Neuordnung', issues to the abnormality of the location in in simple terms felony phrases, and accordingly the Senate's reluctance to ratify it, (79, n. 23). neither is it most probably that the following association of Gabinius was once ever ratified, if certainly he had no longer himself started to dismantle it after his go back from Egypt (80f). Cf. extra, E. Bammel, 'The association of Palestine by means of Gabinius*, JJS 4(1959) 159-62.

S. Gruen, big apple, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1970, 102-10; additionally, M. Avi-Yonah, 'The upward thrust of Rome', W. H. Her. P. , 3-25. E. Bammel, 'Die Neuordnung des Pompeius und das romischjudische Bundnis' ZDPV 75(1959) 76-88, discusses the felony implication of Pompey's motion and concludes that the sooner treaty among Rome and the Jews, courting to Maccabaean occasions, was once now not abolished yet quickly installed abeyance. exterior situations have been to assist the Jews as a consequence but Pompey's motion used to be the start of the transformation of the previous treaty right into a foedus inaequum.

T h e truth t h a t S c y t h o p o l i s w a s a m e m b e r of t h e D e ok a p o l i s (War 3:446; P l i n y , Nat. Hist. V , 18. seventy four) g a v e it a n easterly o r i e n t a t i o n additionally. Its territory o n the west bordered o n t h a t of P h i l o t e r i a primary a n d l a t e r T i b e r i a s , b o t h f o u n d a t i o n s of r e i g n i n g m o n a r c h s , a n d s o it w a s n o t l i ok e l y t o h a v e a d o p t e d a g ­ g r e s s i v e o r h o s t i l e a t t i t u d e s t o w a r d s t h e i n t e r i o r .

W h i l e n e v e r e n j o y i n g t h e complete r i g h t s of a G r e e ok The towns and the Hellenistic Ethos of Galilee 123 urban, g i v e n t h e b u r e a u c r a t i c f o r m of b o t h J e w i s h a n d R o m a n g o v e r n m e n t t h a t o p e r a t e d t h r o u g h o u t its h i s t o r y , i n a l l p r o b a b i l ­ ity it w a s e n d o w e d w i t h s o m e l a n d a t l e a s t o n b e i n g r e b u i l t b y A n t i p a s (Ant. 1 eight : 2 7 ) . C o m p a r i n g it w i t h T i b e r i a s a t t h e o u t ­ b r e a okay of t h e w a r i n sixty six C .

313-16. 342). T h u s w h i l e h e d e f i n i t e l y s o u g h t t o w i n t h e desire of t h e P h a r i s e e s as a c o n s c i o u s p a r t of h i s p o l i c y , h e a p p a r e n t l y a l s o c o u r t e d t h e S a d d u c a e a n a r i s t o c r a c y . T h e truth t h a t h i s H a s m o n a e a n a n c e s t r y w a s nonetheless r e m e m b e r e d - M a r i a m n e w a s h i s g r a n d m o t h e r ( P h i l o Legatio 278) - c e r t a i n l y m e a n t t h a t h i s a p p e a l t o J e w i s h l o y a l t i e s w a s a l l t h e g r e a t e r , a n d t h i s is a p p a r e n t b o t h i n J o s e p h u s ' c o m ­ p a r i s o n of h i m w i t h h i s g r a n d f a t h e r (Ant 19:328-31) a n d t h e R a b b i n i c t r a d i t i o n s c o n c e r n i n g h i s p i e t y (M.

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