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Post-Holocaust France and the Jews, 1945-1955 (Elie Wiesel Center for Judaic Studies Series)

By Seán Hand

Despite an outpouring of scholarship at the Holocaust, little paintings has excited about what occurred to Europe’s Jewish groups after the struggle ended. and in contrast to many different eu countries during which the vast majority of the Jewish inhabitants perished, France had an important post‑war Jewish group that numbered within the thousands. Post-Holocaust France and the Jews, 1945–1955 deals new perception on key facets of French Jewish existence within the many years following the top of worldwide conflict II.

How Jews were handled in the course of the conflict endured to steer either Jewish and non-Jewish society within the post-war years. the quantity examines the ways that ethical and political problems with accountability mixed with the pressing difficulties and practicalities of recovery, and it illustrates how nationwide imperatives, foreign dynamics, and a replaced self-perception all profoundly helped to form the fortunes of postwar French Judaism.Comprehensive and proficient, this quantity bargains a wealthy number of views on Jewish experiences, glossy and modern background, literary and cultural research, philosophy, sociology, and theology.

With contributions from top students, together with Edward Kaplan, Susan Rubin Suleiman, and Jay wintry weather, the booklet establishes a number of connections among such diversified parts of shock because the operating of orphanages, the institution of latest social and political companies, the recovery of training and spiritual amenities, and the improvement of highbrow responses to the Holocaust. accomplished and proficient, this quantity should be priceless to readers operating in Jewish reports, sleek and modern background, literary and cultural research, philosophy, sociology, and theology.

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The publication isn't with out references to contemporary heritage, although they're inevitably scarce in any such theoretical paintings. whereas Jankélévitch’s Le mal can't be diminished to a philosophical allegory of the conflict that had simply torn France in addition to the area aside, it really is still deeply stimulated by way of a prior all too clean. contemplate direct references to the sacrifice of the résistants, to the “défaite” and to the “capitulards” or “defeatists,” to the “surhomme” or Nietzschean superman, the “fascist toad” (crapaud fasciste), and, final yet now not least, to the “blond dolichocephal.

37 no matter what reticence to the novices was once mirrored in such discussions, although, key advancements in France after global warfare II created the context within which the more recent ideologies towards incoming Jews may well take carry. the following I discuss with advancements particularly that shifted the floor for French Jewish elites. the 1st used to be French Jewry’s dependence on American Jewish philanthropy to rebuild their devastated groups, mostly within the kind of contributions from the Joint. As i've got mentioned at size somewhere else, this cash not just supplied crucial assets for all points of Jewish institutional life—including orphanages, outdated age houses, welfare companies, relocation firms, vocational schooling, and non secular institutions—but gave American Jewish welfare staff major strength to form neighborhood institutional lifestyles round their very own priorities.

2 The mental literature in France approximately “hidden children”—that is, youngsters who survived the conflict with out being deported—has additionally grown exponentially lately. whereas i'll specialise in a couple of hugely seen contributors of this iteration of survivors (which i've got in other places referred to as the 1. five generation), the works i've got learn via and concerning the extra nameless majority determine either the big number of person lives and the similarities within the wartime reports and mental profiles of kid survivors.

Regardless of the fever pitch of tension over misplaced youngsters, as exemplified by means of the Finaly affair, prepared searches for strains in their whereabouts unearthed a long way below 100 young children. meanwhile, rumors concerning the destiny of Jewish misplaced and baptized teenagers loved an afterlife within the Jewish communal mind's eye. yet even as soon as little ones have been situated and “redeemed” for the French Jewish group, the problem of the previously hidden did not disappear. relatively, Jewish communal leaders and baby welfare businesses worked to maintain the difficulty of Jewish young children within the highlight via public courses, articles, radio publicizes, and a variety of mass media appeals.

Forty Rabbi Jaïs (leader of the French Jewish liberal synagogue) and one other rabbi equated the Church’s subterfuge to genocide: “With this motion, the church has obviously just one aim . . . similar to Hitlerism, even though through diverse capacity, the disappearance of Judaism. ” forty-one those statements provide a window into how traditional contributors internalized a discourse emanating from the top communal echelons. The Finaly affair foregrounded the fragility of legislations and order in postwar France and raised troubling questions that reduce to the center of the Republic.

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