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Queens Consort: England's Medieval Queens from Eleanor of Aquitaine to Elizabeth of York

By Lisa Hilton

The colourful and dramatic background of England's medieval queens.

England's medieval queens have been elemental in shaping the heritage of the kingdom. In an age the place all politics have been kinfolk politics, dynastic marriages put English queens on the very middle of power—the king's mattress. From Matilda of Flanders, William the Conqueror's queen, to Elizabeth of York, the 1st Tudor consort, England's queens shaped the character of monarchy and encouraged the path of the kingdom. Occupying a different place within the mercurial, frequently violent international of medieval politics, those queens needed to negotiate a job that mixed large impression with terrifying vulnerability.

Lisa Hilton's illuminating new e-book explores the lives of the twenty girls who have been topped queen among 1066 and 1503. warfare, adultery, witchcraft, baby abuse, murder—and sometimes even love—formed English queenship, yet so too did patronage, studying, and style. fans of historical past will get pleasure from a dramatic narrative that provides a superb team of girls whose own goals, triumphs, and screw ups helped to provide beginning to the trendy kingdom. sixteen pages of colour illustrations

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As Berengaria persevered her stately development, Eleanor used to be frantically attempting to hinder her youngest son John from usurping his brother’s throne and to elevate the big ransom for Richard’s unencumber. John had wasted no time in benefiting from Richard’s absence, manipulating the unpopularity of the chancellor, Walter Longchamp, to march on London to impact the officer’s dismissal and the sequestration of his estates. He then trigger on a chain of progresses designed to win reputation and to express, in advance, the impact that he used to be Richard’s heir-apparent.

The relationship of the consort with the merciful intercession of the Virgin used to be person who she had already enacted as Duchess of Brittany: in a well known incident she had intervened in her husband’s arrest of the French ambassador. in line with the Chronicle of St Denis, a pregnant Joanna, ‘setting apart her womanly modesty … taking her teenagers in her hands … entered the chamber of the Duke’, and on her knees ‘earnestly pleaded that he reconsider’, if just for the sake in their young ones, who will require French aid after his dying.

The increase of Administrative Kingship, Henry I and Philip Augustus’, American ancient evaluation eighty three (1978) Bandel, Betty, ‘The English Chroniclers’ angle in the direction of Women’, magazine of the historical past of rules No. 1, Vol. sixteen (January 1955) Barratt, Nick, ‘The profit of King John’, English historic assessment No. 443, Vol. III (September 1996) Bates, David, ‘Normandy and England after 1066’, English historic assessment No. 413, Vol. 104 (October 1989) Bennett, Michael, ‘Edward III’s Entail and the Succession to the Crown’, English ancient overview No.

Girls may well, and did, perform politics, monetary and non secular concerns on the maximum point, yet such participation used to be regularly figured in terms of the prevalence of a masculine version. accordingly the trans-gender chances provided by way of heroic femininity expect the cultural case for the medieval virago, a ‘third intercourse’ of ladies whose energy traversed the normal confines in their function, a place which used to be ‘unconsciously addressed within the laws of the period, yet that had by no means been openly categorised’.

But Joanna’s loyalties remained firmly along with her son. In 1404 she added as much as him 6,000 livres of Norman land rents and claims to 70,000 which remained due from her first marriage. As had so often been the case with international queens, she attracted hostility for the dimensions and value of her Breton entourage. within the comparable yr as she made the gives you to Duke Jean, Parliament heard a petition that ‘all French people, Bretons, Lombards, Italians and Navarrese be got rid of out of the palace’. Joanna was once before everything accepted to maintain basically her daughters Blanche and Marguerite and one lady-in-waiting, Marie de Parency, notwithstanding the lords finally comfy adequate to permit her preserve twelve others, together with her daughters’ nurse.

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