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Science and Religion: A Very Short Introduction

By Thomas Dixon

The controversy among technology and faith isn't out of the inside track: feelings run excessive, fuelled via polemical bestsellers like The God Delusion and, on the different finish of the spectrum, high-profile campaigns to coach "Intelligent layout" in colleges. but there's even more to the talk than the conflict of those extremes. As Thomas Dixon indicates during this balanced and thought-provoking advent, an entire variety of perspectives, refined arguments, and interesting views are available in this advanced and centuries-old topic. He explores the main philosophical questions that underlie the controversy, but additionally highlights the social, political, and moral contexts that experience made the tensions among technological know-how and faith any such fraught and engaging subject within the smooth international. Dixon emphasizes how the fashionable clash among evolution and creationism is quintessentially an American phenomenon, bobbing up from the tradition and heritage of the us, as exemplified throughout the ongoing debates approximately the way to interpret the First-Amendment's separation of church and country. alongside the best way, he examines landmark historic episodes corresponding to the Galileo affair, Charles Darwin's personal spiritual and medical odyssey, the Scopes "Monkey Trial" in Tennessee in 1925, and the Dover zone college Board case of 2005, and contains views from non-Christian religions and examples from around the actual, organic, and social sciences.

About the Series: Combining authority with wit, accessibility, and elegance, Very brief Introductions provide an creation to a couple of life's best issues. Written via specialists for the newcomer, they exhibit the best modern pondering the crucial difficulties and concerns in 1000s of key issues, from philosophy to Freud, quantum conception to Islam.

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Others maintained trust in a truly historic earth by means of inferring a protracted ‘gap’ among the first second of production and the six-day production. inside that hole there could have been a number of cataclysms and new creations, accountable for generating the fossil list. ‘Young Earth Creationism’ or ‘Creation technology’ is a extra severe model of creationism, based on which the biblical chronology is to be authorized and fossil facts is to be defined no longer through successive creations and cataclysms yet totally because the results of Noah’s flood, nearly five thousand years in the past.

In the course of his five weeks at the island in 1835, Darwin turned conscious that those creatures differed in shape from one island to the subsequent, and likewise among the islands and the South American mainland. for this reason, again in England, Darwin began to see those changes as beneficial facts for evolution. on the time, he didn't take nice care to mark which finches have been gathered from which island. And on the subject of the large tortoises, he even ate the various facts, recording in his diary: ‘Eating tortoise meat.

The booklet of Darwin’s theories approximately human evolution within the Descent of guy (1871) and The Expression of the sentiments in guy and Animals (1872) supplied additional fabric for discussions concerning the courting among humanity and the opposite animals. In those works Darwin speculated, as he had no longer dared to in 1859, on how even the main increased of human colleges – the feelings, the ethical feel, and spiritual emotions – may have developed through average skill (including the ‘Lamarckian’ technique of the inheritance of obtained features, which Darwin consistently maintained operated along his personal favoured mechanism of common selection).

Clark, tips to dwell eternally: technological know-how Fiction and Philosophy (London and long island, 1995). Mary Midgley, technological know-how as Salvation: a contemporary fantasy and Its that means (London and long island, 1992), and Evolution as a faith: unusual Hopes and Stranger Fears, revised version (London and manhattan, 2002). John Polkinghorne and Michael Welker (eds), the tip of the realm and the Ends of God: technology and Theology on Eschatology (Harrisburg, 2000). one hundred forty four Index scanning 109–10 see additionally neuroscience Brecht, Bertolt lifetime of Galileo 12–13 British organization for the development of technology A Adam and Eve 76–7, 89, ninety two, 112 Agatha, St 37–8, 39, 54–6 agnosticism 2, seventy three, 75–6, eighty four, 89 altruism 115–17, 121–2, 123, 124–5 American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) eighty three Aristotelian technological know-how 23–6, 28–30 Arkansas anti-evolution legislation in eighty three, ninety four, ninety five, ninety six, ninety nine atheism nine, 15, 36, forty, forty eight, fifty one, sixty two, 104, a hundred and fifteen Augustine, St 26–7 B Bacon, Francis 20, seventy one Barbour, Ian 14, 15 Beauregard, Mario 109–10 Behe, Michael eighty, 81–2, ninety three Bellarmine, Robert 27–8 Benedict XVI, Pope (Joseph Ratzinger) eighty Bible 2, four, eight, 11–12, 18, 21–3, 26–7, 38, forty four, sixty four, seventy four, eighty three, 86–96, 112, 118, 119 ‘Big Bang’ fifty one, fifty two, ninety nine blood-clotting cascade eighty two, ninety eight, a hundred Boyle, Robert 2, forty, forty six Brahe, Tycho 30 mind 1860 Oxford assembly 73–6 Broca, Paul 123 Brooke, John Hedley three Bryan, William Jennings 84–6, 88–92, ninety six Bucaille, Maurice 92–3 C Cambrian explosion ninety three, ninety eight Capra, Fritjof The Tao of Physics sixteen Cartwright, Nancy forty eight Catholicism, see Roman Catholic Church Church and kingdom three, 11–12, eighty three, 93–6 Church of britain 11–12, 58–9, 60–1, ninety four see additionally Kingsley, Charles; Polkinghorne, John; Temple, Frederick; Wilberforce, Samuel weather swap one hundred twenty five cognitive technology 110–11 Collins, Francis three, a hundred and fifteen attention 104, one hundred and five, 110–11 Copernicus, Nicolaus 7–8, 18, 25, 28, 32 see additionally Galileo Galilei Coyne, George eighty two creationism in the USA 2, nine, 81–3, 93–6, 102–3 ‘Creation technological know-how’ 22, 90–3, 94–5, 99–101 and Islam eighty, 88, 90–3 types of seventy nine, 87–93 and brain four, 104, 106–11, 113 and non secular event sixteen, 104, 109–11 one hundred forty five Ecclesiastes 112 schooling three, 10, 75–6, eighty three, 87, ninety five, 96–7, 101–3 Einstein, Albert 35, forty nine Eliot, George D technological know-how and faith Darrow, Clarence eighty four, 88–9 Darwin, Charles Beagle voyage sixty one, 64–8, seventy four on cooperation in nature 115–16, 117 on cruelty in nature sixty two, seventy six deaths of daughter and father sixty two, sixty three The Descent of guy seventy seven, 117 evolution by means of usual choice fifty nine, sixty two, 64–71, seventy three, seventy seven, seventy nine, ninety seven, 115–16 Galapagos islands 66–7, sixty nine on human evolution 77–8 as an icon of recent technology 58–60 at the beginning of Species 2, forty six, fifty eight, sixty three, 69–71, seventy three, seventy six non secular perspectives 60–4 Middlemarch 113 Ellis, George 15 Ellis, Havelock 119 emergence 111 Epperson, Susan ninety four ethics and evolution 115–17, 121–2, 124–5 sexual 118–25 see additionally altruism eugenics seventy nine evil, challenge of, see theology evolution Anglican responses 58–9, 71–7 divinely guided seventy nine, eighty, ninety five of people eight, 77–80, 115–17, 121–5 inheritance of received features 77–9 and Islam eighty, 88, 90–3 and Judaism seventy nine Roman Catholic responses 79–80 alleged root of recent evils 12, 86, 90–1 see additionally creationism; Darwin, Charles; clever layout Darwin, Emma 63–4 Dawkins, Richard 15, fifty five, 116–17 determinism 48–50, fifty seven, sixty six, seventy nine, 104, 123 Deism 11–12, 22, forty-one, sixty two, sixty four Dembski, William eighty one Descartes, René 46–7, 111 layout 14, 21–2, forty seven, fifty one, 52–3, sixty two, 64–5, sixty nine, 81–3 see additionally clever layout; Paley, William divine motion, see theology Dostoyevsky, Fyodor F The Brothers Karamazov 55–6 Dover region tuition Board eighty two, 95–6 Drummond, Henry 44–5, 56–7, seventy two, a hundred and fifteen dualism 110–11, 112 religion 53–5 Fall, the 76–7, 112 falsifiability 99–100, 103 ‘fine tuning’ 52–3 First modification, see country Fitzroy, Captain Robert sixty one, seventy four unfastened will four, fifty nine, seventy six fundamentalism 22, 86–7, 88, 90–5 E earth, age of sixty five, 89–90, ninety three, 94–5, ninety eight, ninety nine 146 G H Gage, Phineas 107–8 Galileo Galilei heaven and hell 55–6, 63–4, 105–6, 113–14 Hindu ‘milk miracle’ forty homosexuality ninety, one zero five, 118–19, 122–4 Hooker, Joseph 74–6 human evolution, see evolution human nature, see ethics; brain; nature; soul Hume, David 53–4 Huxley, Thomas 2, sixty three telescopic discoveries 7, 24–6 helps Copernican astronomy 7, 23–6, 27–31 perspectives on technological know-how and scripture 22–3, 26–8, 30–3 discussion about the leader global platforms 7–8, 28–30 attempted by way of Inquisition 1–2, 18, 30–1 debate with Wilberforce 73–6 Genesis, publication of twenty-two, 88–92, 112, 118, 119 genetics 77–9, eighty one, a hundred geology 22, forty six, sixty four, sixty five, seventy six, ninety, ninety two, ninety three, ninety five, ninety eight Gingerich, Owen three God I ichneumon wasp 62–3, seventy six immortality as writer of 2 books, nature and scripture 17, 20, 21–2 as author 1, eight, 11–12, fifty one, fifty two, fifty eight, 71–2, 88–93, ninety five as fashion designer 14, forty five, forty seven, fifty one, fifty two, 64–5, sixty nine, eighty two, ninety three, ninety eight as first cause/prime mover 41–2, forty six, 50–2 ‘God of the gaps’ 44–6, 50, fifty one, 56–7, ninety eight, one hundred fifteen as law-giver 46–7, 50–3, 71–2, a hundred and one and miracles/providence 26, 37–57 and typical theology 11–12, 14, 21–2, 64–5, seventy two omnipotence 28–30, sixty two and realism 35–6 and revelation 11–12, 21–2, 26, 38, forty two, sixty two tinkering/capricious 41–2, forty five, forty seven, 50, ninety nine, a hundred and one see additionally theology Inherit the Wind thirteen, eighty four clever layout as an American phenomenon 2, nine, 12, 81–3, 93–6 arguments opposed to forty five, sixty two, eighty two, 96–101 and bacterial flagellum 81–2, 97–8, 99–100 and Catholic Church eighty, eighty two and ‘creationism’ 93–6 and academic reform 101–3 ‘irreducible complexity’ 21–2, 81–2, 97–8 scientific prestige contested 99–101 see additionally Dover region tuition Board Islam 2, 15–16, 17, 21, 38–40, forty two, 51–2, eighty, 87–8, 90–3, 106 J Jefferson, Thomas 10, ninety four Jesus 38, 54–5, seventy four, 124 grey, Asa seventy three 147 Index in non secular traditions 105–6, a hundred and ten, 112 subjective 113 Johnson, Philip eighty one Jones, pass judgement on John E.

Robert T. Pennock (ed. ), clever layout Creationism and Its Critics: Philosophical, Theological, and Scientific views (Cambridge, MA, 2001). Philosophical views David Hull and Michael Ruse (eds), The Philosohpy of Biology (Oxford, 1998), half X. Michael Ruse (ed. ), yet Is It technology? The Philosophical query within the Creation/Evolution Controversy (Amherst, 1996). Sahotra Sarkar, Doubting Darwin? Creationist Designs on Evolution (Malden and Oxford, 2007). bankruptcy 6 mind and brain Antonio Damasio, Descartes’ mistakes: Emotion, cause, and the Human mind, revised version (London, 2006).

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