Finalist for the Pulitzer Prize as a rule Nonfiction
Winner of the Council on international kin' Arthur Ross e-book Award
Winner of the Lionel Gelber Prize for top overseas Affairs Book
Winner of the Asia Society's Bernard Schwartz publication Award
Winner of the Cundill Prize for historic Literature
Winner of the Society for Historians of yank international kinfolk' Robert H. Ferrell ebook Prize
Winner of the Ramnath Goenka Award
One of the simplest Books of the yr at • The Economist • Financial Times • The New Republic • The Washington Post • Kirkus Reviews •
A New York Times Notable Book
This exceptional background offers the 1st complete account of Richard Nixon and Henry Kissinger’s mystery aid for Pakistan in 1971 because it devoted stunning atrocities in Bangladesh—which resulted in battle among India and Pakistan, formed the destiny of Asia, and left significant strategic results for the realm today.
Drawing on formerly unheard White residence tapes, lately declassified files, and his personal large investigative reporting, Gary Bass uncovers an magnificent unknown tale of superpower brinkmanship, battle, scandal, and sense of right and wrong. Revelatory, authoritative, and compulsively readable, The Blood Telegram is an exciting chronicle of a pivotal bankruptcy in American overseas policy.
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292–302. forty eight. Kissinger, White apartment Years, pp. 863–64. NSC documents, field 1025, Presidential/HAK MemCons, Farland-Kissinger memcon, 30 July 1971. See NSC documents, field 625, state Files—Middle East, Pakistan, vol. V, Saunders to Kissinger, 30 July 1971. White residence tapes, Oval workplace 553-3, 2 August 1971, 9:45 a. m. those have been, respectively, Christopher Van Hollen and Joseph Sisco. See NSA, Kissinger-McNamara telcon, thirteen August 1971, 8:40 a. m. For a next showdown among Kissinger and Sisco over fingers shipments, see NSC documents, field 626, state Files—Middle East, Pakistan, vol.
E-7, apartment tapes, Oval place of work 637-6, 12 December 1971, 11:04–11:14 a. m. In his memoirs, Kissinger writes that they despatched a difficult hotline message to the Soviet Union at 11:30 a. m. , and had the White apartment factor a harsh assertion, as the Soviets had now not given a reassurance approximately Indian intentions in Kashmir (White apartment Years, pp. 909–11). however the White condo tapes express that either Nixon and Kissinger concept that the Soviet Union had already sponsored down via then. In different phrases, they probably despatched the hotline message to press their virtue after what they observed as victory, now not, as Kissinger offers it in his memoirs, to stop defeat.
See NMML, Haksar Papers, topic dossier 168, Gandhi to Franjieh, draft, June 1971. MEA, HI/1012/30/71, Chib to Kaul, nine June 1971. Dhar, Indira Gandhi, the “Emergency,” and Indian Democracy, p. 158. forty four. Dhar, Indira Gandhi, the “Emergency,” and Indian Democracy, p. 154. forty five. REF PAK, field 3008, Farland to Rogers, 28 June 1971, Islamabad 6487. Joseph Sisco famous, “The Pakistanis don’t heavily query the figures” (FRUS, SRG assembly, 23 July 1971, pp. 270–83). See Choudhury, final Days of United Pakistan, p. a hundred ninety; NMML, Haksar Papers, topic dossier 166, Haksar to Kaul, 22 may perhaps 1971; NMML, Haksar Papers, topic dossier 227, Dhar to Kaul, 28 April 1971; MEA, HI/1012/30/71, Chib to Kaul, nine June 1971.
See NSA, Kissinger-Bhutto telcon, 15 December 1971, 1:25 p. m. ; NSC records, field 627, state Files—Middle East, Pakistan vol. VIII, Nixon-Bhutto memcon, 18 December 1971. 18. See Mohsin Hamid, “Why They Get Pakistan Wrong,” long island assessment of Books, 29 September 2011. See additionally Syed Hussain Shaheed Soherwordi, “US overseas coverage Shift in the direction of Pakistan among 1965 & 1971 Pak-India Wars,” South Asian reviews, vol. 25, no. 1 (January–June 2010), pp. 21–37. 19. “China’s First Veto,” Time, four September 1972. Steve Coll, Ghost Wars: the key background of the CIA, Afghanistan, and bin weighted down, from the Soviet Invasion to September 10, 2001 (New York: Penguin, 2004), pp.
NMML, Haksar Papers, topic dossier a hundred sixty five, Haksar to Dhar, 7 April 1971. Guha, India After Gandhi, pp. 443–44. NMML, Haksar Papers, topic dossier 163, Haksar to Gandhi, 6 January 1971. H. Balakrishnan, “From Naxalbari to Nalgonda,” The Hindu journal, five December 2004. See Sukhwant Singh, India’s Wars in view that Independence: The Liberation of Bangladesh (New Delhi: Vikas, 1980), vol. 1, p. 6. Maoist guerrillas are nonetheless lively in elements of India to at the present time (see Aman Sethi, “The Bloody Crossroads,” Caravan, 1 could 2011; Arundhati Roy, strolling with the Comrades [New York: Penguin, 2012]).