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The Persecution of the Jews and Muslims of Portugal: King Manuel I and the End of Religious Tolerance (1496–7) (The Medieval Mediterranean: Peoples, Economies and Cultures, 400–1500)

By François Soyer

This publication demanding situations common assumptions about the persecution of the Jews and Muslims of Portugal in 1496-7. It items jointly the advancements that ended in the occasions of 1496-7 and offers an in depth reconstruction of the persecution itself.

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Ma fo divulgato el Re haver fatto testamento, et lassato el regno a uno suo fiul typical, chiamato don Zorzi, di età de anni thirteen, in governo tamen e protetione dil Re de Franza, non havendo nominato el Re de Spagna suo parente et vicino, consistent withò che Portogallo è in mezzo di los angeles Spagna. Et una mattina according to tutto in questa terra se rasonava di tal nova, dubitando el Re de Spagna non fusse impazato in quelle cosse, et non potesse attender a romper al Re de Franza. Tamen dopoi se intese ditto Re superstar benissimo, sì che non fo.

3147. The rfile refers to “Testemunhas em ella nomeadas Raby David Cheerel e Barzalay Baur e Yuda Carecem solteiro todos judeus castilhanos estamtes nesta villa. ” This rfile is mentioned in larger element in bankruptcy four. 123 “. . . judeu dos que vierom de Castela. ” A. N. T. T. , Chancelaria de D. Manuel I, bk. 32, fol. 109v. 124 A. N. T. T. , Chancelaria de D. Manuel I, bk. forty, fol. 32v. 121 castilian CONVERSOS and jews in portugal 121 • On eleven may perhaps, a Christian named Luís was once condemned to serve six years within the North African castle of Ceuta for having stolen jewels, gold and silver worth 40–50,000 reais from Rabbi Moses, judeu castelhano, within the urban of Bragança.

Basically within the border city of Elvas did the volume of the poll-tax paid through the Muslim eighty four A. Losa, “Os ‘mouros’ de entre Douro e Minho no século XIII”, Bracara Augusta, 16–17 (1964), 224–238; R. Durand, Les campagnes portugaises entre Douro et Tage aux XIIe et XIIIe siècles (Paris, 1982), 483–500. additionally of curiosity is P. G. Barbosa, “Alguns grupos marginais nos documentos de Santa Maria de Alcobaça, séculos XII e XIII”, Documentos, Lugares e Homens. (Lisbon, 1991), 126–131. In neighbouring Galicia, an eleventh-century record of Muslim slaves owned through the Cistercian monastery of Sobrado presents proof that the majority switched over to Christianity inside one or generations.

197 Portuguese Jews have been specially energetic in trade. in the realm, Jewish artisans and retailers travelled to promote their wares at gala's or visited villages. within the parliament of 1472, the commons protested that vacationing Jewish salesmen promoting woollen textile within the villages of the areas of Beira, Trás-os-Montes, Minho and Riba-Coa have been competing unfairly with the festivals of Lamego, Guarda and Trancoso. 198 Jews have been engaged within the retail of agricultural produce clear of the areas of creation.

Hames (Leiden, 2004), 97–123. a hundred A. N. T. T. , Chancelaria de D. Afonso IV, bk. four, fols. 50–51v. one hundred and one “Primeiramente todo Judeo desque for em hidade de quatorze annos em diante, e for casado, ou viuvo, pague vinte soldos em cada hũ anno. E a Judia, que for casada, ou viuva, pague dez soldos. E o Judeo, ou Judia nom paguem nehũa cousa ataa que sejam em hidade de sete annos; e des a dita hidade de sete annos em diante a Judia pague dous doblos e meio ataa que seja em hidade de doze annos: e o Judio pague cinco soldos, ata que seja em hidade de quatorze annos.

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