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Tudor Warships, Volume 1: Henry VIII’s Navy

By Angus Konstam

During this publication, maritime professional Angus Konstam explores the fledging Tudor military, tracing its heritage from its origins as a service provider fleet lower than Henry VII via to its emergence as a robust strength less than Henry VIII. analyzing the operational use of Henry VIII's warships the writer analyses the conflict of the Solent in 1545, within which Henry's fleet took on a French fleet of 2 hundred ships - a lot higher than the Spanish Armada a long time later. regardless of the well-documented lack of his flagship, the Mary Rose, Henry's smaller strength succeeded in combating a French victory. even though many of us can have heard of the strong Mary Rose, this publication will inform the tale of greater than simply the tragic sinking of Henry's flagship, describing how one in all history's such a lot dynamic kings grew the army from the 5 warships that have been his father's legacy to fifty three lethal gunships on the leading edge of his empire-building method. via modern illustrations and complicated paintings, the writer strains the altering face of warship layout throughout the Renaissance as Henry cleared the path for English dominance of the ocean.

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By way of permission of the grasp & Fellows, Magdalene collage, Cambridge) The Unicorn used to be a French-built galleass which used to be hired in Scottish provider. She was once captured within the Firth of Forth in 1544, then further to the energy of the Tudor fleet. 3 years after her depiction within the Anthony Roll she used to be rebuilt as a crusing warship. (By permission of the grasp & Fellows, Magdalene collage, Cambridge) 28 Pomegranate either performed an lively half within the fleet, as did Henry's later nice ships, the Gabriel Royal (700 tons), the good Barbara (400 lots) and the good Galley, an impressive galleass of 800 lots which was once inbuilt Greenwich in 1515, and rebuilt as a 500-ton crusing send in 1524.

This implies that it was once her crusing rig instead of her layout that ended in her class as a bark. one other remarkable function of the 15th-century northern eu carrack used to be the configuration of the strict. Hull planking (or 'strakes') was once bent around and upwards on the stern, making a extra rounded finish than on later vessels. This was once additionally a characteristic chanced on on modern hulks. From 1488 on the most up-to-date this custom have been changed by means of a less complicated type of building the place the strakes have been mounted to the after body, and a flat transom stern extra.

Co. united kingdom Osprey Publishing is aiding the forest belief, the UK's major forest conservation charity, by way of investment the commitment of bushes. www. ospreypublishing. com CONTENTS advent four send layout four • past due medieval warships • The carrack • the difference section • Purpose-built gun structures • construction the Mary Rose OPERATIONAL heritage 21 • Henry VII's military • Henry VIII's military ARMAMENT AND GUNNERY 30 • Armament • Wrought-iron breech-loading items • Bronze muzzle-loading items • forged iron muzzle-loading items • Gun carriages • Naval gunnery and strategies THE TUDOR FLEET IN motion forty-one additional examining forty seven INDEX forty eight TUDOR WARSHIPS (1) HENRY VIII'S army advent Henry VII steadily outfitted up the energy of the Tudor army Royal, and commissioned the 2 prestigious nice carracks, Sovereign and Regent.

As gun founding expertise more suitable, and the potency of those new bronze weapons was once established, Henry all started augmenting the armament of his significant warships with bronze weapons. via the 1540s those new guns outnumbered the older huge wrought-iron items that had hitherto been the relevant heavy armament of the fleet. in the direction of the top of his reign the 1st trustworthy forged iron weapons began appearing, first on board armed merchantmen, after which - a result of invasion scare of 1545 - on board Henrician warships.

Group (1512): 800 males (including 450 squaddies and 50 gunners). provider notes: Participated within the conflict off Brest, 1512, and was once misplaced in motion in the course of the conflict. 14 D THE MARIE los angeles CORDEL R I conflict OFF BREST, 1512 15 ABOVE A non-English warship of round 1540, this carrack is outfitted with the entire accoutrements of Renaissance naval struggle: a robust battery of heavy ordnance, lighter swivel weapons, antiboarding netting or even hearth arrows. (Stratford Archive) ABOVE correct The Galley Subtile (or crimson Galley), a 200-ton vessel that used to be the 1st galley to be equipped for the military Royal in a decade.

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