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Where Film Meets Philosophy: Godard, Resnais, and Experiments in Cinematic Thinking (Film and Culture Series)

By Hunter Vaughan

Hunter Vaughan interweaves phenomenology and semiotics to investigate cinema's skill to problem traditional modes of notion. Merging Maurice Merleau-Ponty's phenomenology of conception with Gilles Deleuze's image-philosophy, Vaughan applies a wealthy theoretical framework to a comparative research of Jean-Luc Godard's motion pictures, which critique the audio-visual phantasm of empirical commentary (objectivity), and the cinema of Alain Resnais, within which the sound-image generates cutting edge portrayals of person adventure (subjectivity). either filmmakers substantially upend traditional movie practices and problem philosophical traditions to change our realizing of the self, the area, and the connection among the 2. movies mentioned intimately contain Godard's Vivre sa vie (1962), Contempt (1963), and 2 or three issues i do know approximately Her (1967); and Resnais's Hiroshima, mon amour (1959), Last yr at Marienbad (1961), and The struggle Is Over (1966). Situating the formative works of those filmmakers inside of a broader philosophical context, Vaughan pioneers a phenomenological movie semiotics linking disparate methodologies to the reflected achievements of 2 possible irreconcilable artists.

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This latter element continuously areas the digicam either dealing with in Diego’s spatial course and, additionally, “behind him,” as though ready of help, encoding the picture with either identification and empathy (fig. four. 3). fifty five The dynamic among shot and montage is vital to this identification in addition. In conversations, for instance, using crosscutting juxtaposes close-up photographs of him with medium photographs of the folk he talks to, implying them as items of his gaze, at yet another distance either from him and from the viewer.

7): the picture turns into the item itself and never the act of taking a look at the article. not just does this recommend the sublimity of an in a different way neglected item, however it additionally indicates the anomaly of what separates 70—phenomenology and the viewing topic determine 1. 7 gadgets performing as matters. an item from an issue, either conceptually and spatially—and, furthermore, it forces one to think about how an identical factor should be either. this can be the very form of experimental considering supplied by means of Godard’s formal play, wherein this fi lm transcends the narration of philosophical principles and really configures subject-object kin to demystify the classical topic and to problem our based view of the area and our position therein.

Pages cm. — (Film and tradition) contains bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-0-231-16132-9 (cloth : alk. paper) — ISBN 978-0-231-16133-6 (pbk. : alk. paper) — ISBN 978-0-231-53082-8 (ebook) 1. movement pictures—Philosophy. tion. 2. Godard, Jean-Luc, 1930—Criticism and interpreta- three. Resnais, Alain, 1922—Criticism and interpretation. I. name. PN1995. V375 2013 791. 4301—dc23 2012039151 Columbia collage Press books are revealed on everlasting and sturdy acid-free paper. This e-book is outlined on paper with recycled content material.

39 i'm going to view the works of Godard and Resnais as engaged within the exact same philosophical pursuits, which derive from an analogous historic rupture and are articulated based on an identical foundation: the deconstruction of classical subject-object divisions and hierarchies. by way of influence I accept as true with Leonard Lawlor that each one French serious idea and philosophy of the Nineteen Sixties have been “explicitly or implicitly in discussion with Merleau-Ponty,” forty and in talking specifically of cinema, Merleau-Ponty makes a tremendous hyperlink among twentieth-century philosophy and cinema.

Hence, as Eco says, “the cinematic code is the one code sporting a triple articulation. ”58 throughout the mix of signal with signal, cinema produces what Eco calls “a kind of ‘hypersignificance,’” an total cinematic that means past language or iconicity. In different phrases there's that whatever else, that anything cinematic. this can be what I discuss with because the relocating sound-image’s immanent field, in which the signifying acts of the resource fabric and the signifying acts of film shape have interaction. This 3rd articulation arises from the truth that cinematic shape has no denotation that's not connotative, no method of revealing that doesn't additionally check with a fashion of showing—no assertion that's not, even if traditional or substitute, additionally a message.

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