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Kierkegaard and the Theology of the Nineteenth Century: The Paradox and the 'Point of Contact'

By George Pattison

This research indicates how Kierkegaard's mature theological writings replicate his engagement with the big variety of theological positions which he encountered as a pupil, together with German and Danish Romanticism, Hegelianism and the writings of Fichte and Schleiermacher. George Pattison attracts on either significant and lesser-known works to teach the complexity and nuances of Kierkegaard's theological place, which remained in the direction of Schleiermacher's confirmation of faith as a 'feeling of absolute dependence' than to the Barthian denial of any 'point of contact', with which he's frequently linked. Pattison additionally explores ways that Kierkegaard's theological notion might be relating to thinkers corresponding to Heidegger and John Henry Newman, and its carrying on with relevance to present-day debates approximately secular religion. His quantity might be of serious curiosity to students and scholars of philosophy and theology.

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Kierkegaard’s word bargains Schleiermacher’s accompanying remark, which distinguishes what's particular to redemption from non secular instance: ‘If, even if, there are within the communion enormous variations within the unfastened improvement of the God-consciousness, then a few humans, in whom it really is such a lot cramped, are extra short of redemption, and others, in whom it really works extra freely [Kierkegaard: ‘higher’], are extra in a position to redemption; and hence during the impression of the latter there arises within the former an approximation to redemption; yet purely as much as the purpose at which the variation among the 2 is kind of balanced, easily as a result of the truth that there exists a communion or fellowship.

Yet how will we relate this debate to what we discover occurring in Kierkegaard’s mature theological critique of hypothesis, akin to we stumble upon it in, e. g. , Philosophical Fragments? the answer's: really heavily. even if it's at once Fichte he intends, it truly is transparent that the type of place Fichte represents within the Atheism Controversy has a ordinary affinity with the 14 sixteen Lindau (ed. ), Atheismus-Streit, p. 167. Lindau (ed. ), Atheismus-Streit, p. 178. 15 Lindau (ed. ), Atheismus-Streit, p. 176. Immanence and transcendence 87 place criticized in bankruptcy 1 of Fragments, particularly, that each one wisdom is recollection considering the fact that all wisdom is shaped and cognized inside of an immanent approach of cognizance (a place Kierkegaard there calls ‘the Socratic’).

The place authors have stated this translation, references could be given as well as the SKS/KJN references. therefore SKS18/KJN2: EE:62 [JP 2: 1319] refers to SKS, quantity 18 and KJN, quantity 2, access quantity EE:62, comparable to JP, quantity 2, access vii viii References to Kierkegaard’s works quantity 1319. The abbreviation SKSK refers back to the Kommentar or remark volumes accompanying each one quantity of SKS. As no longer the entire appropriate volumes of SKS were released on the time of going to press, a number of entries are given to the older Danish variation, Papirer, ed.

Erdmann, but additionally by way of the truth that it truly is basically within the related time frame (1837–8) that Kierkegaard’s in depth engagement with speculative theology leads him either to German resource fabrics and to Martensen’s lectures. i've got used the word ‘Hegelian or speculative theology’, and this should be clarified. Hegelian theology used to be ‘speculative’ within the experience that it claimed to base itself upon a noetically determinate wisdom of God identified within the demeanour of seeing or speculating, i. e. , its content material is take place and never inferred or postulated.

During this bankruptcy, even though, I shall now not re-open possibly drained debates approximately pseudonymity and oblique communique yet shall as an alternative search to point how Kierkegaard’s main issue for such questions is contextualized within the theological global of his personal day. specially I shall learn the relationship among Kierkegaard’s method of Christian conversation and the contributions of 2 relatively unparalleled figures, Bishop Jakob Peter Mynster and Nikolai Frederick Severin Grundtvig, either one of whom weren't in simple terms striking preachers but additionally provided major discussions of the character of Christian verbal exchange.

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